The Andes Mountains are the longest and one of the highest mountain ranges in the world. They are located in South America and stretch 4,500 miles (7,242 km) from north to south, along the west coast of the continent. The climate is not the same throughout the biome because there are places nearer to the equator than others. The Andes are separated into three natural regions: the southern, the central, and the northern region.
In the northern region, it is hotter because it is closest to the equator. There are rain forests in this region due to the more humid, rainy climate.
In the southern region, the mountains are nearer to the Antarctic, and so it is much colder. It is not very populated in the southern area.
In the central region of this biome, the weather is milder because it is not near either the equator or the cold Antarctic.
Many of the plants which grow in the Andes are small in size to conserve energy. Their leaves can be stiff and strong to protect them from frost and cold weather if they are high in the mountains.
The Andes supply many birds with homes like the Flamingo, Andean Flicker, Condor, and Hummingbird.
Types of land animals include the Mountain Lion, Bear and Llamas, to name a few.
The Andes range has many active volcanoes distributed in four volcanic zones separated by areas of inactivity. The volcanoes of the belt are diverse in terms of activity style, products and morphology.